The National Museum of Denmark (Nationalmuseet) was opened in Copenhagen in 1892 and is the largest museum of the history of culture. It shows the history of Danish and foreign cultures. The museum includes exhibits from around the world, from Greenland to South America. The museum has the exhibits dating back 14 thousand years of the history of Denmark, from the epoch of Ice Age hunters, Vikings, to the works of art, created for the God’s sake in the medieval times, when the church played the essential role in the life of the Danish people.
Furthermore, in the National museum one can see the oldest coin in Denmark, weapons and jewels of the Iron Age, found in the settlements of the Early Stone Age (time of hunting and picking), wind musical instruments of the Bronze Age – lurs, Egyptian mummies and Greek marble statues aged 4 thousand years. In addition, the National museum keeps the biggest collection of items from ancient cultures of Greece and Italy, Middle East and Egypt in Denmark.
Address: Vestergade 10, Copenhagen
Web: National Museum
Open hours: every day of the week, except mondays from 10 am till 5 pm. Closed on Mondays. Children's Museum closes every day at 16:30.
Admission: free of charge
The museum is in the Prince palace next to Frederiksholm canal in Copenhagen. The building once belonged to the crown prince who in 1746 took the throne named Frederik V. The extensive collection of arts, painting, ethnographic exhibits, weapons and antiquities was founded by Frederik III in about 1650. In 1807 the Royal commission was set up to conserve antiquities, and in 1819 in the mansard above the Trinity church the Museum of Northern Antiquities opened. In 1832 the collection was relocated to the bigger premises in Christiansborg. Soon after adopting new constitution in 1849, according to which royal collections were transferred to the state, it was decided to collect all of them in the Prince Palace.
The collections of the National Museum are incredibly rich and widely known. It is in the National Museum that you can see all the treasures (the Trundholm sun chariot, Egtved girl, Golden horns) and at the same time understand and be able to imagine the nature, culture of those people, who were behind these astonishing findings. The collections tell about people living in Denmark over 10 thousand years ago, and give and opportunity to compare the Danish culture with other cultures around the world.
In the museum there are several permanent exhibitions, including the "Ancient Denmark", "Denmark in the Middle Ages and Renaissance", "Danish History from 1660 to 2000", "Ancient Art", "People of the World", "Ethnographic Treasury" and "Children’s museum". Danish exhibits include the treasures of Viking tombs, well preserved bog findings, fascinating medieval church items and the largest collection of golden altars.
In addition to the core exhibition, the museum often hosts temporary exhibitions.