The small and old area of Christianshavn with small streets and pretty houses is the most beautiful part of Copenhagen, the place with the population of about 10 000 people (data as of the end of 2006). Christianshavn was founded by king Christian IV in 1619 as a fortress, which is brightly reminded by 12 bastions and the dike in the south and east of the district. In the early 17th century the area of Christianshavn was marshy and did not have any significance.
Video about Christianshavn district:
Christianshavn district was initially regarded as the residential area for the Dutch emigrants, then as a military camp, but as a result it turned into the block of merchants and craftsmen. From 1618 to 1818 Christianshavn was steadily developing: dikes were made, roads were paved, streets were laid, bastions and enforcement facilities were built.
In the early 19th century Christianshavn was considered a full-sized district of the city, had its own town hall, but still was miserable with its slums and canals. Bad transport infrastructure, limited number of shops, dirt, odour from oil lights, and stagnant water did not add popularity to this place with the locals. Over the past 200 years, the Christianshavn district has been the centre of commerce with Faroe Islands, Finnmark, Iceland and Greenland, because it is here that in the numerous commercial warehouses fish, whale oil, fur and other goods were stored before being sold to European markets.
In the early 20th century the reconstruction of Christianshavn began, but only at the beginning of the 1990s the municipal authorities started their campaign to turn Christianshavn into a popular place of residence. Building up new blocks with exclusive apartments began, office glass and concrete buildings have been built along the city canal. One of which is the office of Nordea Bank, others house numerous Maersk employees, many restaurants and shops started to open. In 2002 a new underground line was laid, the warehousing facilities were reconstructed and in 2004 on the area of one of them opened the most popular restaurant in Copenhagen, restaurant Noma, the holder of 2 Michelin stars out three possible. In 2006 at the cost of Maersk, a new building of the royal Opera was opened. Today it is one of the most advanced and high-tech equipped houses in Copenhagen.
Near the underground station there is one of the cult places of this district Christiania and the Church of Christ the Saviour whose tower is embraced by steep spiral stairs consisting of 400 steps. Having reached the top, 86 metres, you can see a fascinating panorama of the Old town, Copenhagen bay and the area of Christiania – a sort of the underground of this Northern capital. The words of the equality and fraternity are not just words. Here they are supported by lots of marihuana, sold and smoked everywhere. Once there were old military barracks built by Christian IV, but now this place is inhabited by the strangest representatives of the Danish capital. This is a state in the state, where in 1 km from the building of the Danish Parliament people enjoy the alternative lifestyle and treat themselves with light drugs all day long. More details see here.
The smell of marihuana, anarchy and light couldn't-care-less attitude is there in the air throughout Christianshavn. Today its dwellers vary much and live in houses, boats and exclusive apartments, the rich and the poor, locals and foreigners, those supporting city rat race and representatives of the local high life. All this creates rather a speckled image, hard to describe, which should be seen with your own eyes. This is the district of canals and boats, moored everywhere, which also adds up some colours to this area. Therefore, if you like boat trips along canals, you do not need to go to Venice, as you can do it here in Copenhagenе.
Other photos of Christianshavn: